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Cybernetics
by earl, 5940 days ago
"In working to abstract concepts common to all systems, early cybernetic researchers quickly realized that 'the science of observed systems' cannot be divorced from 'the science of observing systems' [von Foerster, 1974] --- because it is we who observe. The cybernetic approach is centrally concerned with this unavoidable limit of what we can know: our own subjectivity. In this way cybernetics is aptly called 'applied epistemology'."

- http://www.pangaro.com/published/cyber-macmillan.html

some article links:
- Ernst von Glasersfeld: "Why I Consider Myself a Cybernetician" (1992)
- Bernhard Pörksen, Heinz von Foerster: "Wir sehen nicht, daß wir nicht sehen" (1998)
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