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by earl, 6430 days agoArtificial Intelligence
The field of research that attempts to emulate human intelligence in a machine. Fields within AI include knowledge-based systems, expert systems, pattern recognition, automatic learning, natural-language understanding, robotics, and others. Commercial applications of AI are diverse, including applications in medicine, financial systems, and software designed to assist humans with impairments (voice, character recognition).
John Searle proposed (?!) to describe one's personal viewpoints regarding AI with the terms "weak" and "strong" AI:
"According to weak AI, the principal value of the computer in the study of the mind is that it gives us a very powerful tool [...] According to strong AI, the computer is not merely a tool [...] rather, the appropriately programmed computer really is a mind;"
Searle, J.R. (1980). Minds, brains and programs. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3:417-57.
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